Equal Votes

I used to propose at this web address, a single-winner voting system with multiple rounds of tallying. I no longer feel comfortable with that proposal, so I have withdrawn it.

The spirit of “one person, one vote” includes that the votes should have equal weight. Range Voting (also known as Score Voting), including the simple version, Approval Voting, provide this equality of weight.

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Math Applied To Exercise Power

Most people have bank accounts. Accounting is a mathematical process that is well understood and taught under strict standards. It involves adding and subtracting, and keeping a balance, among other details. But a bank account is an example of how math is sometimes used to control or exercise power. This use contrasts with math used to gain understanding (as in for example scientific theories), and math for its own sake (“pure math”). The money in your bank account is interpreted by society as a token of power. Say for example you are a painter and I employ you to paint my walls. If I weren’t willing to hand you that token, that $30/hr. or however much it is, you would not bother to paint my walls. You would use your precious time some other way. But because I am willing to hand you a token, you do something you would otherwise not want to do. Therefore, because I have money to spend, I have exercised power over you. I have ordered you to do something you do not want to do, and you have obeyed, as though I were king. And we only know how much money you have because of the math in your bank account. If the math were done wrong, say every deduction were doubled, then you would be cheated out of some of the power that you are rightfully entitled to. So, math, when it is used to figure power, can matter a lot. Voting is the same way. If you and I have the legal right to vote in an election, we deserve to have equal power to each other. If the math is set up in certain ways, the voting system violates our right to equality. This is what choose-one plurality voting does. I think that IRV does as well. Several systems (mathematical procedures, like accounting is a mathematical procedure), have been described that would arguably, at least in certain ways that are easy to test for, honor your right and mine to equality. So no, this is not the same as politicians treating people as robots or pawns or mathematical objects. It is the use of math like in your bank account, which can be right or wrong. And in the case of voting, the right or wrong is a matter of degree, not just X is absolutely right and Y is absolutely wrong. Different systems can be argued to have different advantages. But the current system is one of the worst and works very much against democratic republicanism and for the kleptocracy.

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A Practical Proposal for Converting the US to a Democratic Republic

Proposed solution:

I propose that those of us who are fed up:

  1. Organize, State by State.
  2. End the power of the parties to decide anything about who is on the ballot in public elections, or who can run in them. What justification can you cite for allowing the parties to retain this power?
  3. Institute a system of public elections that would resist any spoiler effect or vote splitting. Our goal? Real choice in elections and real people power instead of kleptocracy.

Appendix I — Blurbs for Microblogging

Proposed solution: https://wp.me/p23U97-il

DNC/RNC and the officeholders in gov’t who adhere to the major parties do not care whether families survive; they work as part of an automaton, capital itself. The people who live in the US need regime change https://wp.me/p23U97-il

Yet another reason the people who live in the US need to change their regime. https://wp.me/p23U97-il

The only (faint) hope for survival of American families (and those of the rest of the world) is for the Americans to DEFEAT the two-party system once and for all. https://wp.me/p23U97-il Trump and Hillary are no choice, and Trump and Biden are no choice. Are you going to eat another turd sandwich in 2024, assuming you live that long? Or are you going to do something so that moral people don’t get eliminated from running from the outset?

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Planning to Vote Republican?

I believe there are two kinds of American who are planning to vote Republican. The first kind is the kind who thinks the Republican incumbent is doing a great job and you truly support his work in office. For you, there is no problem with the current system, and you are not the audience I am trying to reach with this writing.

The second kind of American who is planning to vote Republican is the kind who doesn’t feel much support for the Republican candidate, but who thinks that the “Democratic” candidate is just too evil to bear.

I understand how you feel. The current political system in the US puts you in a bind. It is a system of blackmail, where the lesser evil seems to be the best choice available. Everyone knows that voting third-party is a waste of your precious choose-one vote, and so is sitting out the election.

I can understand that no matter what idealistic claptrap some people spout, you know that at least this time around, you must vote against the greater evil. After all, the record of that “Democratic” candidate is just outrageous, and he appears to be getting senile as well.

But after this election, are you going to put up with this same pattern, election after election? A choice between Trump and HRC, then a choice between Trump and Biden, and who knows next time, maybe a Hitler and a Mussolini? Has it ever occurred to you that a future is possible without lesser evilism and without political blackmail? Yes, give in to the blackmail  this election, but how about going on after that to create a future free from this evil?

I propose that those of us who are fed up:

  1. Organize, State by State.
  2. End the power of the parties to decide anything about who is on the ballot in public elections, or who can run in them. What justification can you cite for allowing the parties to retain this power?
  3. Institute a system of public elections that would resist any spoiler effect or vote splitting.

Our goal? Real choice in elections and real people power instead of kleptocracy.

Appendix — Blurb To Post On Facebook

Some Americans truly support the Republican candidate. For you, there is nothing wrong with the system.

But some only plan to vote Republican because you consider the Republican the lesser evil. I definitely heard from people of that opinion when HRC was running for POTUS.

I can understand that no matter what idealistic claptrap you hear, you know that at least this time around, you must vote against the greater evil. The record of that “Democratic” candidate is just too much to bear.

But are you going to put up with this same pattern throughout the political future, election after election? Why not do something about it? https://wp.me/p23U97-id

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Planning To Vote “Democrat”?

Planning to vote with the self-styled “Democratic” Party, because you judge that the Republican is unacceptably bad and you have only two choices? I understand how you feel. The current political system in the US puts you in a bind. It is a system of blackmail, where the lesser evil seems to be the best choice available. Everyone knows that voting third party is a waste of your precious choose-one vote, and so is sitting out the election.

I can understand that no matter what idealistic claptrap some people spout, you know that at least this time around, you must vote against the greater evil. After all, appointments to the Supreme Court are at stake, along with a plethora of other reasons.

But afterward, are you going to put up with this same pattern, election after election? A choice between Trump and HRC, then a choice between Trump and Biden, and who knows next time, maybe a Hitler and a Mussolini, or some other kind of Sophie’s Choice? Has it ever occurred to you that a future is possible without lesser evilism and without political blackmail? Yes, give in to the blackmail  this election, but how about going on after that to create a future free from this evil?

I propose that those of us who are fed up:

  1. Organize, State by State.
  2. End the power of the parties to decide anything about who is on the ballot in public elections, or who can run in them. What justification can you cite for allowing the parties to retain this power?
  3. Institute a system of public elections that would resist any spoiler effect or vote splitting.

Our goal? Real choice in elections and real people power instead of kleptocracy.

Appendix — Blurb To Post On Facebook

Planning to vote “Democrat”?

I can understand that no matter what idealistic claptrap you hear, you know that at least this time around, you must vote against the greater evil. After all, appointments to the Supreme Court are at stake, along with a plethora of other reasons.

But are you going to put up with this same pattern throughout the political future, election after election? https://wp.me/p23U97-i3

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Not Going to Vote for Evil?

You hold US citizenship and you say you won’t consent to the system by choosing between the Republican and “Democratic” nominees? You just won’t vote? Do you think that simply sitting out the election will change the system? If you don’t like it, why not do something about it? I never hear anyone proposing a plan of action to create real choice in elections. So, here goes.

I propose that those of us who are fed up:

  1. Organize, State by State.
  2. End the power of the parties to decide anything about who is on the ballot in public elections, or who can run in them. What justification can you cite for allowing the parties to retain this power?
  3. Institute a system of public elections that would resist any spoiler effect or vote splitting. Our goal? Real choice in elections and real people power instead of kleptocracy.

Appendix — Blurbs

Not going to vote for evil? https://wp.me/p23U97-hV

Do you think that refraining from voting for evil is the most you can do toward separating it from power? https://wp.me/p23U97-hV

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Waugh 2020-03-16 Proposal for Single-winner Elections

I used to propose at this address a framework for multistage single-winner elections for the US. I am no longer comfortable with the proposal I had up, so I have withdrawn it.

I still hold that it is very important to defeat the vote-splitting effect. If the US can have proportional representation, that would probably be good, but that can only work for legislatures. For any single-winner offices that the citizens of the US allow to continue in existence (e. g., governors and president), I recommend Range Voting also known as Score Voting. A simple version of Range Voting is Approval Voting.

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What Have The Political Parties Done For You Lately?

What have the political parties done for you lately? If you defend their power, what grounds or justification can you give for that?

In partisan primaries, voters are forced to guess and gamble and they face a dilemma that should not be imposed on them. They have only partial awareness of the stances of fellow citizens who don’t vote in their party’s primary but who do vote in the general election. On the one hand, the partisan voters could nominate a candidate who cannot win the general. On the other hand, the partisan voters could nominate a candidate of such poor moral character that they present the general public with no meaningful choice, as the candidates of both major parties will be horrible as usual.

[adding 2020-06-18] Furthermore, and maybe even more to the point, when the elections are conducted in more than one stage, e. g. primary elections followed by general elections, there is a risk that a faction can gain unfair advantage by promoting in an early stage a candidate they think can’t win in the end, into a later stage for squeezing out someone they don’t like, who otherwise could win. [end of 2020-06-18 addition]

The American people must break this dilemma by eliminating partisan elections.

I hereby propose that an organization should form in each State with the following plan:

  1. Publish about what they are doing and why.
  2. Vet candidates for State legislature with regard to whether those candidates support making voting for State and Federal office nonpartisan and resistant to the spoiler effect.
  3. Recruit more than half the voters in the State.
  4. Establish a discipline among the members that they will not vote for any candidate for the State legislature who does not promise (credibly) to enact the above changes.

Appendix I — Why Democratic Republicanism

Why do the American people need to replace the current US and each State with a democratic republic? Without democratic republicanism, how can the people gather enough political power to force their officials to do the right thing?

Appendix II — Why State By State

Even though there are some voting laws at the Federal level, by and large, it is State law that sets the overall form of elections, even for Federal office.

Appendix III — Preserving Individual Rights

Please note that even as the people establish a democratic republic, they can also preserve the Bill of Rights. These things are not in conflict.

Appendix IV — Web Links

Short link to this post.
https://wp.me/p23U97-hd

Posted on Facebook.
https://www.facebook.com/groups/politics.us/permalink/3565881000151060/

Linked on Twitter.
https://www.facebook.com/groups/politics.us/permalink/3565881000151060/

Submitted to NYT reporter Sabrina Tavernise, who was asking people to write about their political frustrations.

Appendix V — Blurb 01

We might vote for Biden because we are caught in a bind caused by two factors: partisan power and the English-style vote-for-one plurality system for the electing the electors to send to the electoral college. These two factors create a system of blackmail where if we don’t support the lesser evil, the greater evil will be visited upon us. To get out of this bind, the Americans must (unless you can think of some other way) organize State by State and make sure that candidates for State legislatures won’t get elected unless they promise to remove both these factors.

Appendix VI — Blurb 02

Party adherents are forced to guess and gamble and they face a dilemma that should not be imposed on them. On the one hand, they could nominate a candidate who cannot win the general. On the other hand, they could nominate a candidate of such poor moral character that they present the general public with no meaningful choice, as the candidates of both major parties will be horrible as usual. The American people must undo this conundrum in order to defeat the oligarchy and institute people power in its place. https://wp.me/p23U97-hd

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Money/Fame in Elections

People need to understand the key to money in politics.

Given that it costs almost nothing for a candidate to publish her policy positions on the WWW, why do legislators spend so much time dialing for dollars? Why is it that the first thing the newspapers say about a candidate is how much money the campaign has collected? Voters only consider the two candidates who have the most money. This is because the voters are seeking a bandwagon to join, that is attracting many other voters. Voters do that in the current system because they know that what little political power they have will go to waste otherwise. This comes about due to the math caused by the English-style ballot, where you have to support one candidate and oppose the others. The English ballot makes it so that the supporters of a candidate have more power in proportion to their numbers than the voters who oppose that candidate so much that they would be happier with any of the other candidates. The English ballot violates your rights as a voter. In for example a field of 10 candidates, if you would choose to support 9 of them and oppose the other one, that should be your right. You have just as much right to do that as someone who wants to do the opposite, whose vote would cancel yours in effect. Claim your right. Claim your equal power in the voting booth. Defeat the English-style ballot in the US once and for all.

In the case of Donald Trump winning the Republican nomination for President in 2016, fame substituted for money, as the attractor. But the math worked out the same way. As a consequence of the continued use by the Republican Party of the English-style ballot in the party’s primaries, the party fell into a system that selected the most famous candidate even though the consensus choice of the rank and file would have been John Kasich, as evidenced by Approval-style polls. The stupid DINOS are all about impeaching Trump, and their idiotic supporters cite all kinds of objections to Mr. Trump’s character, in favor of the impeachment move. But they are all distracting away from the real story, which is that any continuation of the use of English-style ballots in the US guarantees that every President will be worse than the previous one. So defeat and destroy the English-style ballot in its use in primary elections in the US once and for all!

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Question About “12 years to save the planet? Make that 18 months”

Responding to https://twitter.com/MattMcGrathBBC/status/1153976366582210566

“One of the understated headlines in last year’s IPCC report was that global emissions of carbon dioxide must peak by 2020 to keep the planet below 1.5[K].”

Is this in error? I dig into the report but don’t find that headline. Pls give a long enough quote to allow finding it in context. I do see (Figure SPM.1 subfigure b) a mention of a possible scenario of human response that would involve emissions peaking in 2020, but mention of one possible scenario is not the same thing as saying that scenario is the only solution.

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